The Health and Human Services has provided Americans with the Physical Activity Guidelines as science-based information and guidance to help Americans ages 6 and older maintain or improve their health through regular physical activity. Physical Activity Guidelines are meant to be straightforward and clear, while remaining consistent with complex scientific information. Some findings from the guidelines include:
•Regular physical activity reduces the risk of many adverse health outcomes.
•Some physical activity is better than none.
•For most health outcomes, additional benefits occur as the amount of physical activity increases through higher intensity, greater frequency, and/or longer duration.
•Most health benefits occur with at least 2 hours and 30 minutes (150 minutes) a week of moderate-intensity physical activity, such as brisk walking. Additional benefits occur with more physical activity.
•Episodes of activity that are at least 10 minutes long count toward meeting the Guidelines.
•Both aerobic (endurance) and muscle-strengthening (resistance) physical activity recommended and are beneficial.
•Health benefits of physical activity occur for children and adolescents, young and middle-aged adults, older adults, and those in every studied racial and ethnic group.
•Health benefits of physical activity are attainable for people with disabilities.
•The benefits of physical activity outweigh the risks of injury and heart attack.
Substantial health benefits are gained by doing physical activity according to the Guidelines presented below for different groups.
Key Guidelines for Kids and Teens:
•Kids and Teens should get 60-minutes of physical activity each day. Like hiking, biking to school, rollerblading etc. They should also include muscle and bone strengthening activities like swinging on the playground, jump rope, sports, push-ups and sit-ups.
•It is important to encourage young people to participate in physical activities that are appropriate for their age, that are enjoyable, and that offer variety.
Key Guidelines for Adults:
•All adults should avoid inactivity. Some physical activity is better than none, and adults who participate in any amount of physical activity gain some health benefits.
•Adults should do at least 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) a week of moderate-intensity activity like walking fast riding a bike or aerobics. These episodes of activity should be at least ten minutes long.
•Adults should also do muscle-strengthening activities 2 or more days a week, as these activities provide additional health benefits. Some examples include yoga, lifting weights, push-ups and sit-ups.