Many falls and fall-related injuries can be prevented. The risk of falling can be reduced by following these tips:
-People are stronger and feel better when they exercise.
-Exercises that improve balance and coordination (like Tai Chi) are the most helpful.
-Ask your doctor or health care provider about the best type of exercise program for you.
-Visit the Get Moving web page for tips and resources on beginning an exercise routine.
Half of all falls happen at home. To make your home safer:
-Remove items from stairs and walkways to prevent tripping.
-Remove throw rugs or use double-sided tape to keep rugs from slipping.
-Keep items used often within easy reach. Avoid using step stools.
-Install grab bars next to the toilet, tub and shower.
-Use non-slip mats in the bathtub and shower.
-Improve the lighting. Use lamp shades or frosted bulbs to reduce glare.
-Install handrails and lights on staircases.
-Wear shoes with good support and non-slip soles. Avoid wearing slippers and athletic shoes with deep treads.
Ask a health care provider to review your medicines.
-Ask a doctor or pharmacist to review the medicines you take (include over-the-counter medicine).
-Some medicines or combinations of medicines, cause drowsiness or light-headedness, which can lead to a fall
-Get your vision checked by an eye doctor.
-Incorrect lens prescriptions and conditions, such as glaucoma or cataracts, can limit vision.
-Poor vision can increase your chances of falling.